Journal of Architectural Conservation

Volume 11 Number 1 March 2005

The Chinese Drawing Room at Temple Newsam House, showing the hand-painted Chinese wallpaper hung in the 1820s, but given to Lady Hertford by the Prince Regent in 1806.


See 'Wallpapers' by Allyson McDermott


Wallpapers Allyson McDermott

Prediction and Prevention of Hygroscopic Salt Activity in Historic Buildings 
Paul D'Armada

Maintenance: From Philosophy to Practice Nigel Dann and Timothy Cantell

East Asian Values in Historic Conservation Seung-Jin Chung

Corrugated-Iron Buildings: An Endangered Resource within the Built Environment 
Nick Thomson and Phil Banfill

Obituary: Nigel Seeley (1942-2004) Nicolas Barker



Read the Editorial by David Watt



Abstracts and Author Information



Allyson McDermott


This paper seeks to demonstrate the historical and aesthetic importance of wallpapers and to introduce the relevant techniques for investigation, conservation, and care.


Allyson McDermott BAHons, DipCon

Allyson McDermott heads her own practice specializing in the conservation of the historic interior, which she established in 1980.


Prediction and Prevention of Hygroscopic 

Salt Activity in Historic Buildings

Paul D'Armada


Much deterioration of the fabric of historic buildings, especially internal decorative elements, is associated with deleterious salt activity. In order to appreciate the processes involved in salt activity and its relationship to the environment, this paper attempts to demonstrate the order of investigations required, the dynamics of the processes, and the measures which should be considered to reduce their impact on historic fabric.


Paul D'Armada BSc PGCE

Paul D'Armada currently works for Hirst Conservation as a painting conservator and conservation scientist. With a degree in geology, he has a specific interest in the chemistry and mineralogy of the fabric of buildings and substrates of decorative surfaces.



From Philosophy to Practice

Nigel Dann and Timothy Cantell


Even with increasing attention to issues of sustainability and despite being cited as a key element in approaches to building conservation, maintenance of historic buildings has received little academic study or practice-orientated development in the United Kingdom. European models of best practice have seldom been disseminated or emulated. Maintain our Heritage (MoH) is seeking to change this. It has developed a wide programme of research aimed at understanding current attitudes towards maintenance and exploring potential ways forward; and has undertaken a pilot maintenance service, the first of its kind in the United Kingdom, inspecting 73 listed buildings in the Bath area. This paper examines the results of the latter in the context of the former. It explains the genesis of the project, examines the constraints and opportunities encountered,and looks to the future. It also points to the need for a national maintenance strategy.


Nigel Dann BSc(Hons), MIOC

Nigel Dann has been a board member of Maintain our Heritage from its inception and was its founding chairman. His background is in construction at both craft and professional levels. He is senior lecturer and researcher at the University of the West of England, Bristol.

Timothy Cantell BA(Hons), DipT&RP, FRSA

Timothy Cantell has been project coordinator for Maintain our Heritage since 2000; he is a heritage consultant and a founding trustee of SAVE Britain's Heritage.


East Asian Values in Historic Conservation

Seung-Jin Chung


The Venice Charter, the foundation of modern conservation, has been viewed as a fundamental document reflecting the internationally accepted philosophy for protection of architectural heritage throughout the world. The Charter represents the acme of progress, in the European context, in architectural conservation, and is thus inevitably and fundamentally based on European conditions and attitudes. So strongly are European attitudes to architecture and its conservation embedded in the Charter, that it has skewed all conservation thinking towards the concept of the European monument, that emphasizes visual beauty through its material substance. Thus, some of the basic tenets of the Venice Charter seem ill-suited to East Asian architecture, which is conceived in a different spirit from its European counterpart. This paper discusses the need for approaches to the East Asian architectural heritage that are different from the modern Western view of conservation, and to make suggestions for developing conservation principles that are more suited to the unique values and aesthetic sense of East Asian culture and architecture. The conclusion is that conservation principles in the East Asian societies are determined in relation to the spiritual and naturalistic sensibilities of East Asian culture and architecture. These principles are put forward as a more appropriate basis than conservation principles that are developed within the Western cultural tradition.


Seung-Jin Chung BE, MBEnv, PhD

S.-J. Chung is an assistant professor in the Department of Architectural Engineering at Hyupsung University in Korea. He teaches architectural planning and history, with research interests including a cross-cultural study of architecture and historic conservation.


Corrugated-Iron Buildings

An Endangered Resource within the Built Heritage

Nick Thomson and Phil Banfill


This paper describes corrugated-iron-clad buildings, considers their history and construction, and the need for conservation in the light of their cultural significance to certain relatively remote areas. From a survey of 72 buildings carried out in the Scottish Highlands and Islands it is clear that there is a risk that the remaining stock of these buildings will disappear from the Scottish landscape, since nearly half were in poor condition, empty and deteriorating, or ruinous, and only five are currently protected by listing. This situation may be repeated elsewhere.


Nick Thomson BArch, Dip Arch, MSc, ARIAS

Nick Thomson is an architect based on the Isle of Skye and practising in the Scottish Highlands and Islands. The paper is based on a research dissertation accepted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MSc in Building Conservation (Technology and Management). 

Phil Banfill BSc, PhD, CChem, CSci,FRSC, ILTM, MCIOB

Phil Banfill is Professor of Construction Materials at Heriot-Watt University, where he is leader of the MSc in Building Conservation (Technology and Management). 

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